Brazil Museums And Galleries


During the centuries of colonialisation, Brazil saw millions of immigrants and slaves from all over the world flocking into the country. As a result, it is a diverse land with an array of cultures, languages, religions, flavours, colours and histories that make up its intricate heritage.

These are accurately depicted in the many museums and galleries that are scattered throughout the country, inviting visitors to take a peek into yesteryear. This helps one to appreciate the rich history, as well as the many people that made their mark in this history, including politicians, royals, artists, scientists and even criminals.

Some of the best known museums in Brazil are:

The National Museum of Brazil
Established in 1818 as the Royal Museum, this fascinating establishment was first set up by the Portuguese king, Dom João VI. Its aim was to promote scientific research in the country as it was then mostly unexplored and untainted by human habitation, leaving much to be discovered. https://www.museunacional.ufrj.br/

The National Historical Museum of Brazil
This museum was established in 1922 and is home to the largest numismatic collection of Latin America. https://www.museuhistoriconacional.com.br/

Museu Imperial de Petrópolis
Located in Petrópolis, Rio de Janeiro, this museum just oozes historical appeal. It was once the summer palace of the emperor, Dom Pedro II, and was built in the mid-19th century. https://www.museuimperial.gov.br/

The Historical and Geographic Museum of Campina Grande
This establishment is focused on its host city, Campina Grande in Paraíba. It tells the tale of its complex history by means of hundreds of artefacts and photographs.

Museu Entomológico Fritz Plaumann
As the largest entomological museum in Latin America, this museum is home to more than 80 000 samples of over 17 000 different species of insects. Fritz Plaumann, the namesake of the museum, was a well respected entomologist. https://www.museufritzplaumann.ufsc.br/

The Butantan Institute
This is one of São Paulo’s most popular tourist attractions and consists of a snake pit, biological museum, microbiological museum and historical museum, ensuring that there will be something for everyone to enjoy. https://www.butantan.gov.br/

The Museum of the Portuguese Language
As the major colonialists of centuries past, the Portuguese nation make up an integral part of Brazilian culture and heritage. This museum, situated in the city of São Paulo, is an interactive experience for visitors wanting to know more about the language of these Europeans. https://www.museulinguaportuguesa.org.br/

The São Paulo Museum of Art
The São Paulo Museum of Art is an important landmark and is acclaimed for its collection of fine art. https://masp.art.br/masp2010/

Museu Nacional de Belas Artes
This is a significant art museum and is situated in Rio de Janeiro. As such, it attracts many tourists and locals alike. https://www.mnba.gov.br/

Other well-known and frequented museums and galleries include:

• Rio Grande do Sul Museum of Art
• Júlio de Castilhos Museum
• Museu de Arte de Santa Catarina
• Museu de Arte Moderna in Rio de Janeiro
• Museu de Arte da Pampulha
• Museu Casa de Portinari
• Museu de Arte Sacra
• Museu de Arte Contemporânea do Paraná
• Museu Internacional de Arte Naif do Brasil
• Forte das Cinco Pontas/Recife City Museum
• Pinacoteca in São Paulo
• Museu Mariano Procópio
• Museu Victor Meirelles
• Museu de Arte Contemporânea de Niterói
• Mariano Procópio Museum

For a fantastic website all about Art Galleries in Rio de Janeiro, please go here: https://theculturetrip.com/

This web site is in no way connected to any government agency in any shape or form.