Brazil Rail - Trains


Railway services are operated by private and public operators. There are metro systems in eight Brazilian cities, which is a huge aid as road traffic is dangerous. The rail network is about 28,538 km.

There are four gauges, standard, dual, narrow and broad. Most of the train services in Brazil are used to transport cargo.
From 1859 steam-powered, horse-drawn and electric tramways have been operating in Brazil. This means it was one of the first countries to utilize tramway mode of transport, and to this day trams are still used.

Rio de Janeiro had street cars before London, Paris and Malan. The Rio de Janeiro metro began in 1979 with five stations operating on a single line and has expanded to 35 stations operating on two lines. The orange line is completely underground and the green line is mainly above ground.

As Rio de Janeiro is situated in a hilly area and has an uneven landscape it is difficult to travel by motor vehicles or bus. This metro system transports about 1,1 million passengers daily. The metro system is under plans for more extensive construction.

The Station of Light, is a old train station located in the district of Luz, in Sao Paulo, Brazil.Built in 1867 and rebuilt in 1895/1900 by the British architect Charles Henry Driver in neo-classical style

The São Paulo Metro, which began in 1974 but had its first train trip in 1972, is the largest metro system in Brazil and the second largest in South America. It has 64 stations and 5 rail lines (blue, green, red, yellow and lilac). It operates and transports passengers from 4am every day of the week up to mid night and on Saturdays until 1am.

This metro system transports about 4000 000 passengers daily. The city of São Paulo does not have rail links extending to other cities outside the São Paulo state. The São Paulo Metro utilizes tickets and smart cards for passengers to travel on the system. The metro’s security agents have been authorized with police powers and there is a police station, DELPOM (Delegacia de Polícia do Metropolitano de São Paulo), as part of the subway system.

The following are other Brazilian metro systems situated in various cities: Belo Horizonte Metro, Brasília Metro, Cariri Metro, Porto Alegre Metro, Recife Metro and Teresina Metro.

While there are three other metro systems under construction, namely: Fortaleza Metro, Maceió Metro and Salvador Metro. Brazilian metro systems are considered to be a safe, reliable and a cost effective mode of transportation in the cities that have them.

Although Brazil borders ten countries, it only has international rail links with three, namely Argentina, Uruguay and Bolivia. There are a number of rail links connecting some Brazilian cities. While local trains transport passengers to and from interior towns, coastal areas and some metropolitan suburbs.
There are some trains that are specifically focused for tourists, such as the Corcovado Train (Trem de Corcovado) in Rio de Janeiro. This train takes passengers to the site of Christ the Redeemer monument.

The metro system has gained a reputable form of transportation in the busy cities of Brazil, while trains are well utilized for mass cargo transport. There are many designs under way for extending the rail network in this country.

Brazil also has some of the heaviest metal ore trains in the world.

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