Sergipe is a Brazilian state nestled along the northeastern coastline of this diverse country. It is the smallest state in the country, with a total area of only 21 910.3 square kilometres or 8 459.6 square miles and a population of just over 2 million people. It is bordered by Bahia, Alagoas and the beautiful azure of the Atlantic Ocean.
Its capital city is Aracaju, which is also its largest.
Sergipe was once occupied by the local tribes that Europeans referred to as “Indians”. These ones were semi-nomadic and settled in one place after another in search of resources and shelter. They were known as the Tupi, and they lived off the produce of the land.
Painting of a Tupi woman by Albert Eckhout (ca. 1610–ca. 1666) hanging in the Nationalmuseet, Copenhagen.
Then, during the latter part of the 16th century, the European settlers that had arrived in Brazil in 1500 established a settlement at São Cristóvão. Little did these Portuguese colonisers know that this would one day become the state’s capital city.
The Dutch and French attacked many parts of the Portuguese-owned sections of Brazil in attempts to gain political authority over them. Sergipe was no exception. This state produced superior king-wood, which became a highly sought-after product.
For a brief period between 1641 and 1645, the area was handed over to the Dutch. However, Portugal soon regained their power and ousted the Dutch. Brazil gained independence from European rule in 1822, and the capital was moved to its present location in 1855.
Sergipe’s internal landscape is characterised by the expanses of savannah, which is known as caatinga. The coastline, on the other hand, is inhabited by mangroves and swamps, as well as the long stretches of white sand.
Also along the coastline is a thin band of tropical rainforest, which is home to an astounding array of plant- and animal life. The fertile land lies in the strip between the coast and the inland savannahs, while the caatinga experiences occasional droughts.
Sergipe’s main exports are orange juice and urea, widely used for its crop fertilising properties. The industrial sector is the state’s largest GDP contributor, followed by the services segment.
Agriculture plays an important role too, with sugarcane being the predominant crop.
Cassava and oranges are also major products of the Sergipe soil. Sergipe’s entire contribution to the economy of Brazil remains approximately 1%.
While this state is a small one, it is still frequented by national and international tourists alike. Its gorgeous beaches are definitely some of its greatest assets and most effective draw cards. Other attractions include:
• The Afro-Brazilian Museum
• The archaeological ruins of the Capuchin Church (Igreja dos Capuchinhos)
• The Sergipe Museum
• Sagrado Coração de Jesus
Here is the Sergipe government web site: http://www.se.gov.br/