Brazil, South America, has a fascinating history that extends from prehistoric times, when hunter gatherer troupes made their way through its landscapes in search of food, water and land, right up until our modern day, when its political and financial systems continue to grow and develop. In fact, evidence has been found of societies living in Brazil as far back as 9 000 BCE (Before our Common Era). These ones left tools, implements and artwork, which has cast much information on them and their customs.
Below are some of Brazil’s most significant years since its discovery by European colonialists in chronological order:
1500 - The Portuguese arrive in Brazil under the command of Pedro Alvares Cabral, who claimed this new land as his own.
1630 - The Dutch desire Brazilian occupancy and domination and choose this year to invade the country, now occupied largely by the Portuguese.
1654 – The Dutch are finally driven from Brazil by the Portuguese, who once again claim ownership.
1750 - Portugal signs a treaty with fellow European nation Spain, which effectively fixes areas of rule in the continent of South America.
1808 to 1821 – The royals from Portugal relocate to Brazil and run both Brazil and their European homeland from Rio de Janeiro.
1822 - Brazil breaks ties with Portugal, finally announcing its independence.
1888 – A mammoth step forward occurs when slavery is finally abolished in this year.
1889 – Brazil proudly proclaims itself a republic.
1917 - Brazil officially declares war on Germany in the First World War.
1930 - Getulio Vargas is elected the president of Brazil by military officials.
1942 - Brazil declares war on the Axis in the Second World War.
1945 – Vargas is overthrown in a military coup.
1945 – Brazil becomes a member of the United Nations Organisation.
1946 - A new constitution is implemented in the country, which restores the rights of individuals.
1958 - Brazil is crowned world champions in football at the World Cup™ for the first time.
1960 – The capital city is moved from Rio de Janeiro to the new city of Brasilia.
1962 - Brazil is crowned world champions in football at the World Cup™ for the second time.
1964 – For a time, military leaders take control of the Brazilian government.
1970 - Brazil is crowned world champions in football at the World Cup™ for the third time.
1985 - Brazil’s government is finally returned to civilian rule.
1988 - The Constituent Assembly ensures a wide distribution and consciousness of the new constitution of Brazil, which gives its citizens more individual rights.
1989 – Fernando Collor de Mello is elected as president in the first direct elections since 1960.
1992 – Rio de Janeiro hosts more than 100 world leaders for the first international World Summit Day™.
1994 - Brazil is crowned world champions in football at the World Cup™ for the fourth time.
1995 – Fernando Henrique Cardoso becomes Brazil’s president.
2002 - Brazil is crowned world champions in football at the World Cup™ for the fifth time.
2003 - Luiz Inacio Lula de Silva becomes Brazil’s president.
2011 - Dilma Rousseff becomes Brazil's first women president.